Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure during which the internal structure of a joint is examined for diagnosis and treatment of problems inside the joint.
The knee is a common site to have this procedure. During an arthroscopic surgery, typically two small incisions (or portals) are made in the patient’s skin through which pencil-sized instruments are passed into the knee. Through one portal, we place a small lens and lighting system (arthroscope). Through the other portal, we place surgical instruments to perform the surgery.
The arthroscope magnifies and illuminates the structures of the joint with the light that is transmitted through fiber optics.
Knee treatments that can be done arthroscopically include:
- Removal or repair of a torn meniscus
- Removal of loose fragments of bone or cartilage
- Treatment of subchondral fractures of the tibia or femur
- Removal of inflamed synovial tissue
- Treatment of knee sepsis (infection)
- Treatment of cartilage injuries
- Reconstruction of torn ligament
4 Signs you May Need an Arthroscopic Procedure
As the body's largest joint, the knee is intricate and susceptible to many types of injuries. Because of it's complexity, the knee is vulnerable to fractures, sprains, dislocations and tears.
Athletes are especially at risk for these types of injuries.